Introduction: The FRS Internal Strength Model, Dr. Andreo A. Spina
Taking a human-centred approach, the FRS Internal Strength Model considers these 4 truths of human movement:
- All movements are created internally.
- All movements are executed internally.
- Internal constraints are always the first to overcome.
- External displays of movement are an expression of internal function.
Since its inception, strength training has prioritized external goals as the main determinant of success. Displays of strength, speed, and agility have been emphasized often at the expense of the internal system (the athlete) performing said displays. The result has created a history of impressive performance feats, occurring on a backdrop of increasing rates of sports injuries.
In this introduction, Dr. Spina re-examines the literature regarding strength science and in so doing provides a reinterpretation of scientific data, a change in perspective so to speak, that allows us to re-focus training inputs making them more suited to specifically cultivate the needed strength adaptations in the client/patient.
When viewed for what it is, an emergent biological phenomenon, the goals of strength training quickly change from strength displays, to a means of eliciting specific tissue adaptations that can then be synthesized by the nervous system to solve a specific problem or task requiring the generation and discharge of force.